Seal of the State of Ohio

History of the original Sixth Ohio Cavalry Regiment

When Confederate artillery fired on Fort Sumter April 12, 1861, hundreds of horsemen from the Western Reserve counties of Northeast Ohio took up the call.

Responding to President Lincoln's request, seventeen hundred fifty-eight riders volunteered for duty with the Sixth Ohio Cavalry Regiment. The Sixth Ohio was mustered into service between October 2 and December 12, 1861 at Camp Hutchison, in Warren, Ohio. The unit was then sent to Camp Dennison where it acquired mounts and was ordered to join the Army of the Potomac. 

 The unit clashed with Confederate forces for the first time at Woodstock, Va, June 2, 1862. During the next 34 months, the Sixth would engage the enemy more than 50 times. The Ohio regiment's affiliation with the Army of the Potomac led to gallant service at the Second Battle of Manassas, Fredericksburg, Kelley's Ford (the first pure cavalry fight east of the Mississippi involving a battalion or more on each side), Gettysburg, Yellow Tavern, Cold Harbor, Malvern Hill, Five Forks and Sailor's Creek. 

The troopers served under several Division and Brigade Commanders, including Colonel Alfred N. Duffie, Brigadier General William Woods Averell, Brigadier General David McMurtrie Gregg and Major

General George Crook. During the 1864 raid in Albemarle County, Va., the unit served under Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer.

 

 

 

Colonel Duffie

General Averell
General Gregg
 

 

General Crook

General Custer

General Kilpatrick

 

The Sixth Ohio fought during the final days of the war at Appomattox Courthouse, and was present when General Robert E. Lee surrendered on April 9, 1865. The Regiment was mustered out of service at Petersburg, Va., on August 7, 1865. This Regiment sustained heavy loss in officers and men during its eventful career.

 

From Dyer's Compendium

 

 
  • SERVICE.-- (Participating Actions)
  • Strasburg, Va., June 1, 1862.
  • Woodstock June 2,
  • Mt. Jackson June 4.
  • New Market June 5.
  • Harrisonburg June 6.
  • Battle of Cross Keys June 8.
  • Near Mt. Jackson June 16.
  • Rapidan River August 3-4 and 12.
  • Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2.
  • Fords of the Rappahannock August 16-23.
  • Kelly's Ford August 21.
  • Catlett's Station August 21-22.
  • Fant's Ford, Great Run, August 23.
  • Thoroughfare Gap and Haymarket August 28.
  • Battle of Bull Run August 29-30.
  • Expedition from Centreville to Bristoe and Warrenton Stations September 25-28.
  •  Reconnoissance to near Warrenton October 12.
  • Thoroughfare Gap October 17-18.
  • Haymarket October 19 (Detachment).
  • Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad November 10-12.
  • Reconnoissance from Chantilly to Snicker's Ferry and Berryville November 28-30.
  • Berryville November 30.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15 (Detachment).
  • Scout to Luray Valley December 22.
  • Kelly's Ford March 17, 1863.
  • Stoneman's Raid April 27-May 8.
  • Brandy Station, Stevensburg, Beverly Ford, June 9.
  • Aldie June 17.
  • Middleburg June 19.
  • Upperville June 21.
  • Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3.
  • Monterey July 4. Smithburg July 6.
  • Williamsport and Hagerstown July 6-7.
  • Boonsboro July 8.
  • Jones' Cross Roads near Williamsport July 10 and 13.
  • Hagerstown July 11-13.
  • Falling Waters July 14.
  • Jones' Cross Roads July 15.
  • Barber's Cross Roads September 1.
  • Scout to Middleburg September 10-11.
  • Advance from the Rapidan to the Rappahannock September 13-17.
  • Culpeper Court House September 13.
  • Rapidan Station September 15.
  • Bristoe Campaign October 9-22.
  • Warrenton or WhiteSulphur Springs October 12-13.
  • Auburn Bristoe and Bristoe October 14.
  • Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8.
  • Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2.
  • New Hope Church November 27.
  • Reconnoissance to Front Royal January 1-4, 1864.
  • Custer's Raid into Albemarle County February 28-March 1.
  • Near Charlottesville February 29.
  • Stannardsville March 1.
  • Burton's Ford, Rapidan River, March 1 (Detachment).
  • Rapidan Campaign May 3-June 15.
  • Todd's Tavern May 5-6.
  • Wilderness May 6-7.
  • Todd's Tavern May 7-8.
  • Corbin's Bridge May 8.
  • Sheridan's Raid to the James River May 9-24.
  • Childsburg and Davenport May 9.
  • North Anna May 9-10.
  • Ashland, Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11.
  • Brook's Church or fortifications of Richmond May 12.
  • On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.
  • Haw's Shop May 28.
  • Totopotomoy May 28-31.
  • Cold Harbor May 31-June 7.
  • Sumner's Upper Bridge June 2.
  • Sheridan's Trevillian Raid June 7-24.
  • Trevillian Station June 11-12.
  • Mallory's Cross Roads June 12.
  • Black Creek or Tunstall Station and St. Peter's Church, White House, June 21.
  • St. Mary's Church June 24.
  • Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 24, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Warwick Swamp July 12,1864. (Poolesville, Md., July 12, Detachment.
  • Demonstration north of the James July 27-29.
  • Deep Bottom and Malvern Hill July 27-28.
  • Lee's Mills July 30. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20.
  • Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18.
  • Six Mile House, Weldon Railroad, August 20-21.
  • Dinwiddie Road near Ream's Station August 23.
  • Ream's Station August 25.
  • Arthur's Swamp and Poplar Grove Church September 29-October 2.
  • Expedition into Surrey County October 16-19.
  • Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28.
  • Stony Creek Station December 1.
  • Reconnoissance to Hatcher's Run and skirmishes December 8-10.
  • Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31.
  • Five Forks April 1.
  • Amelia Springs and Jettersville April 5.
  • Sailor's Creek April 6. Farmville April 7.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.
  • Expedition to Danville April 23-29.
  • Duty in Sub-District of the Appomattox, Dept. of Virginia, till August.

  • Mustered out August 7, 1865.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Troopers of the 6th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, 1864

 

 

 

 

 
       


Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 52 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 177 Enlisted men by disease. Total 238.

 


A letter home from Dwight Henry Cory, Trooper of the 6th Ohio..

[note: This letter was heavily edited and punctuated apparently at a later date by a different hand in pencil. For example "Old Kill" is crossed out and Gen. Kilpatrick is written in it's place. 

 

Possibly parts of this letter were used in a speech as all the personal information was crossed out. Also notice the spelling of  "Antietam". Throughout this letter Libbie Braden is a female and Liberty Raymond (also referred to as Lib or Libbie) is a male. Dwight seldom used any punctuation in his letters except underlining. Some punctuation has occasionally been added for clarity but the letter was copied as written.]

Camp in the Woods near the

battlefield of Antiatam, MD

July 12th, Sunday, 1863

Dear Parents, Brothers & Sisters

I received four letters from home (and its vicinity) day before yesterday. One from Mother, one from Sylvia and one from John and Emily. One from Debra French and one from Libbie Braden. These all were read with great pleasure. What did you do on the 4th to celebrate the birthday of the U.S. We, the troops of Gen Kilpatrick's brigade, went over the mountain and took 1500 prisoners and 160 wagons loaded with all kinds of stores that they had taken in Pa, and about 100 wounded Rebs. We started in pursuit of the train, about four in the p.m. and rode all night and it rained and was very dark, but this didn't hinder our artillery from sending a shot through five or six wagons as they were going along the road. Then our men, mostly from our reg. charged among them and took the whole thing, including Gen. Jones who was dressed as a citizen. I tell you there is not a general in the whole service that stands higher in the estimation of Old Kill than ours. As an instance of this a short time ago a certain Reg. in our brig. was ordered to charge but some officers remonstrated that it wasn't safe. What! afraid are you? Send for one squadron of the 6th Ohio. They ain't afraid says old Kilpatrick, and this is the only gen. who ever led us in person. Yes, Mother I am very rugged and hearty, my weight is 158 only but I feel well, and the heat don't effect me as much as it would if I was more fleshy. In a word, I am down to my "fighting weight" and I try to do as you tell me in every thing for I am coming home some time if nothing happens and I don't want to be whipped when I get there for anything I have done or not done here. Yes John I knew you would be ashamed of your negligence when I put the matter before you in its true light. I have always been good to you and there is no reason why you should alight me now, but your good resolution fails and Emily is your next resort. Well Emily I am glad you went to see Libbie. If you did it on my account I will thank you and relieve you of the necessity when I get home. If you could see the letters that I receive from her, so kind and friendly and at the same time so reserved you would not wonder that I try to appreciate such friendship. I wish I could keep all the letters that I get here in the army, but they are so numerous that I can't and have to burn them after the tenth reading for fear the rebs or some one else may get hold of them. Not that I don't feel proud of every letter I get, but every one can't read them if I can help it. Those pictures where are they and echo across where and I fear that is all the answer I shall get too. Every letter received from home is a new source of happiness so let them be frequent and God will bless you.

Adieu kind friends

Dwight


Dwight Henry Cory (1841-1914) of Trumbull Cty., OH